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Secretary who typed up Schindler’s List dies aged 107

Mimi Reinhard, the secretary who typed up Schindler’s List of Jews to be spared from the Holocaust, has died.

She was aged 107.

Mimi herself was one of 1,200 Jews saved by German businessman Oskar Schindler.

He bribed Nazi officers to keep the Jews as workers in his factories.


The story was turned into the 1993 Oscar winning film directed by Steven Spielberg.

Mimi – Carmen Koppel – was born in Vienna, Austria, in 1915.

She moved to Krakow, Poland, before the outbreak of the Second World War.

She was imprisoned in a ghetto when the Nazis invaded Poland in 1939, before being sent to a concentration camp in 1942.

Her skills as a shorthand secretary found her work in the camp’s office.

She was ordered to type up the list of Jews to be sent to work in Schindler’s ammunition factories.

Ms Reinhard said in 2008:

“I didn’t know it was such an important thing, that list.

“First of all, I got the list of those who were with Schindler already in Krakow, in his factory.

“I had to put them on the list.”

Later she added her own name, and the names of two friends.

Ms Reinhard added:

“He [Oskar] was a very charming man, very outgoing

“He didn’t treat us like scum.”

After the war, she went to America.

She later moved to Israel in 2007.



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