Researchers have identified the three most important dietary factors for type 2 diabetes.
Researchers at Tufts University’s Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy in America used a model of dietary intake from 184 countries to arrive at their findings.
The researchers looked at 11 factors that could be contributing to the increase in diabetes and concluded the following: eating too little whole grains, such as oats, wheat and rice, and too much processed meat.
Other factors, such as excessive fruit juice consumption and eating too few non-starchy vegetables and nuts and seeds, had a lesser impact on the new cases.
Dariush Mozaffarian is the senior author of this study. He is Jean Mayer Professor of Nutrition and Dean for Policy at the Friedman School. “Our study suggests that poor carbohydrate-quality is a major driver of type 2 diabetes worldwide, with significant variations by nation and time.
These new findings highlight critical areas that need to be addressed by national and international policy makers in order to reduce the devastating effects of diabetes and improve nutrition.
Nature Medicine’s study revealed that poor diet was responsible for more than 14,1 million new cases of type 2 diabetics in 2018, or more than 70 percent of all cases.
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The study found that the number of cases of type 2 diabetes increased in all 184 countries between 1990 and 2018. It also revealed that the increase was more pronounced in males than females, younger adults than older adults, as well as urban residents versus rural ones.
The highest number of cases of type 2 diabetes linked to diet were found in Central and Eastern Europe, Central Asia, especially in Poland and Russia where the diets are typically rich in processed meat and potatoes.
In Latin America and Caribbean, particularly in Colombia and Mexico, the incidence was high. This is attributed to high consumption of processed meat and sugary drinks and low intakes of whole grains.
Diabetes UK said that the UK is experiencing a “rapidly escalating” diabetes crisis.
The risk factors for type 2 diabetes, according to the report, are “multiple, complex and diverse” and include age and family history as well as ethnicity and being overweight or obese.