It was a terrible day for Vladimir Putin, and it was one of his strategic goals.
He claims that he is fighting the war partly to counter NATO expansion.
He now has thousands of NATO troops on the way to his border countries and two countries that were once staunchly neutral joining the ranks.
Sweden, Finland and Norway will now join NATO after being alarmed by what happened in Ukraine during Russia’s invasion.
The Ukrainians will have to apply as quickly as possible. This must be distressing for them, even though they know it is unlikely to happen anytime soon.
There are also questions about the price that Sweden and Finland paid to overthrow Turkey’s objections.
Recep Tayyip Erdan, Turkish President, says he’s got everything he needs from the negotiations for their accession.
The Turks preferred the promises of the Finns and Swedes to the Kurds, most notably.
According to the Turks, both Turkey and Turkey have agreed to cooperate fully on the PKK, a militant group fighting for a Kurdish homeland in Turkey. This has been happening since the 1980s.
They claim that Sweden and Finland have agreed to not support the YPG. This is a mainly Kurdish group which led the fight against Islamic State, northern Syria in alliance. They are terrorists to Turkey.
According to the Turks, both countries have reached an agreement on intelligence sharing in fighting terrorism and organized crime.
What about gathering intelligence on Kurds, too?
There are approximately 100,000 Kurdish refugees in Sweden. Many of them support the PKK.
Turkey demanded the extradition of 33 Kurds in Finland and Sweden, calling them terrorist suspects.
The deal is also seen as an invitation by Turkey to attack the Kurdish enclave of Rojava in northern Syria.
Turkey’s President has threatened to launch a new invasion in northern Syria to capture towns held by the YPG.
The US views the group as an important ally. Turkey sees it as an extension to the PKK.